SliverList class

A sliver that places multiple box children in a linear array along the main axis.

Each child is forced to have the SliverConstraints.crossAxisExtent in the cross axis but determines its own main axis extent.

SliverList determines its scroll offset by "dead reckoning" because children outside the visible part of the sliver are not materialized, which means SliverList cannot learn their main axis extent. Instead, newly materialized children are placed adjacent to existing children.

If the children have a fixed extent in the main axis, consider using SliverFixedExtentList rather than SliverList because SliverFixedExtentList does not need to perform layout on its children to obtain their extent in the main axis and is therefore more efficient.

Child elements' lifecycle

Creation

While laying out the list, visible children's elements, states and render objects will be created lazily based on existing widgets (such as in the case of SliverChildListDelegate) or lazily provided ones (such as in the case of SliverChildListDelegate).

Destruction

When a child is scrolled out of view, the associated element subtree, states and render objects are destroyed. A new child at the same position in the sliver will be lazily recreated along with new elements, states and render objects when it is scrolled back.

Destruction mitigation

In order to preserve state as child elements are scrolled in and out of view, the following options are possible:

  • Moving the ownership of non-trivial UI-state-driving business logic out of the sliver child subtree. For instance, if a list contains posts with their number of upvotes coming from a cached network response, store the list of posts and upvote number in a data model outside the list. Let the sliver child UI subtree be easily recreate-able from the source-of-truth model object. Use StatefulWidgets in the child widget subtree to store instantaneous UI state only.

  • Letting KeepAlive be the root widget of the sliver child widget subtree that needs to be preserved. The KeepAlive widget marks the child subtree's top render object child for keep-alive. When the associated top render object is scrolled out of view, the sliver keeps the child's render object (and by extension, its associated elements and states) in a cache list instead of destroying them. When scrolled back into view, the render object is repainted as-is (if it wasn't marked dirty in the interim).

    This only works if the SliverChildDelegate subclasses don't wrap the child widget subtree with other widgets such as AutomaticKeepAlive and RepaintBoundary via addAutomaticKeepAlives and addRepaintBoundaries.

  • Using AutomaticKeepAlive widgets (inserted by default in SliverChildListDelegate or SliverChildListDelegate). Instead of unconditionally caching the child element subtree when scrolling off-screen like KeepAlive, AutomaticKeepAlive can let whether to cache the subtree be determined by descendant logic in the subtree.

    As an example, the EditableText widget signals its sliver child element subtree to stay alive while its text field has input focus. If it doesn't have focus and no other descendants signaled for keep-alive via a KeepAliveNotification, the sliver child element subtree will be destroyed when scrolled away.

    AutomaticKeepAlive descendants typically signal it to be kept alive by using the AutomaticKeepAliveClientMixin, then implementing the wantKeepAlive getter and calling updateKeepAlive.

See also:

Inheritance

Constructors

SliverList({Key key, @required SliverChildDelegate delegate })
Creates a sliver that places box children in a linear array.
const

Properties

delegate SliverChildDelegate
The delegate that provides the children for this widget. [...]
final, inherited
hashCode int
The hash code for this object. [...]
read-only, inherited
key Key
Controls how one widget replaces another widget in the tree. [...]
final, inherited
runtimeType Type
A representation of the runtime type of the object.
read-only, inherited

Methods

createRenderObject(BuildContext context) RenderSliverList
createElement() SliverMultiBoxAdaptorElement
RenderObjectWidgets always inflate to a RenderObjectElement subclass.
inherited
debugDescribeChildren() List<DiagnosticsNode>
Returns a list of DiagnosticsNode objects describing this node's children. [...]
@protected, inherited
debugFillProperties(DiagnosticPropertiesBuilder properties) → void
inherited
didUnmountRenderObject(RenderObject renderObject) → void
A render object previously associated with this widget has been removed from the tree. The given RenderObject will be of the same type as returned by this object's createRenderObject.
@protected, inherited
estimateMaxScrollOffset(SliverConstraints constraints, int firstIndex, int lastIndex, double leadingScrollOffset, double trailingScrollOffset) double
Returns an estimate of the max scroll extent for all the children. [...]
inherited
noSuchMethod(Invocation invocation) → dynamic
Invoked when a non-existent method or property is accessed. [...]
@pragma('vm:entry-point'), inherited
toDiagnosticsNode({String name, DiagnosticsTreeStyle style }) DiagnosticsNode
Returns a debug representation of the object that is used by debugging tools and by toStringDeep. [...]
inherited
toString({DiagnosticLevel minLevel: DiagnosticLevel.debug }) String
Returns a string representation of this object.
inherited
toStringDeep({String prefixLineOne: '', String prefixOtherLines, DiagnosticLevel minLevel: DiagnosticLevel.debug }) String
Returns a string representation of this node and its descendants. [...]
inherited
toStringShallow({String joiner: ', ', DiagnosticLevel minLevel: DiagnosticLevel.debug }) String
Returns a one-line detailed description of the object. [...]
inherited
toStringShort() String
A short, textual description of this widget.
inherited
updateRenderObject(BuildContext context, RenderObject renderObject) → void
Copies the configuration described by this RenderObjectWidget to the given RenderObject, which will be of the same type as returned by this object's createRenderObject. [...]
@protected, inherited

Operators

operator ==(dynamic other) bool
The equality operator. [...]
inherited